Inlandia Literary Journeys Column

Inlandia Literary Journeys columns typically appear in four of the Southern California Newsgroup’s newspapers: The Inland Valley Bulletin, The Press Enterprise, The Redlands Daily Facts, and The Sun. I picked up three of those papers today, but it was raining too much for me to want to drive over to Ontario to pick up a copy of The Inland Valley Bulletin.

I wrote thirty-one ideas for journaling over the past month in preparation for this column’s publication. I still have more ideas that I will share later, but my streak of posts on journaling ideas will cease for now.

Today I have to make some tough decisions about which of those ideas I will actively pursue for myself this year.

Scout has approved my selections for 2023.

I’m going to continue occasionally to record memories of my parents in my grief turned relishing journals (blue for my mom and red for my dad). I will continue to use my black gratitude journal. I’m going to write in response to the pre-written prompts in My Father’s Life journal that my son gave me at least once a week. I’m going to start a nursery rhyme journal in the marble covered book that I have repurposed by slicing out the few pages I had started in it twenty-five years ago. I’m going to use one of the blue mini journals I got from my wife for a sentence journal and the other for my Title My Day journal. I’m going to keep going with my encourager’s journal online. I’d like to keep up with the comic journal that I started, but only occasionally.

Although I am chiding myself about only having so much time, I just overheard my wife talking to her mother about some other new journals that she has bought me for my birthday, so will see what happens.

Journaling Idea #31: The Classic

Photo by Acagastya

What I would consider the classic journal is much like a diary. It is a written or typed document with a series of dated entries that both records the writer’s experiences and their feelings about those events.

However, the difference between a diary and a journal depends on who you ask.

For some a diary and a journal are synonymous. They are both a daily record of what happened in your life. An article on the University of California, Berkley’s website by Kira M. Newman, titled “How Journaling Can Help You in Hard Times” uses the words diary and journal interchangeably. Newman emphasizes the writer discussing their feelings.

For others, including the Smithsonian Institute’s Archives of American Art, a diary and a journal are distinguished by the amount of reflection. The Smithsonian says that a journal is more reflective than a diary and focuses more on the writer’s feelings than on their activities.

Jeffrey Orrico of Sacred Heart University’s Library cites the Oxford English Dictionary as stating that a journal indicates “a more detailed account than that of a diary.”

Others say a journal is less private than a diary, noting the use of the term in classrooms, where the student expects a teacher to read what they write.

And still others, distinguish between a journal and a diary by the frequency of the entries, noting the expectation for a diary is daily and more varied for journals.

The variations of definitions listed above affirm what I have repeatedly said. Your journal is your journal. You decide what you are going to include and how often you make entries.

The only commonality that I think is generally expected is that you date each entry.

Journaling Idea #30: Folklore, Mythology, Household Tales

John Vernon Lord, artist

There’s nothing quite as inspiring as a folktale or a myth. Just ask Walt Disney.

Folktales and myths are stories that have been passed down for generations within a community or a country, providing explanations for how or why things came to be; others providing moral lessons. Household tales are similar stories told within a singular family.

A wonderful free source about folktales and mythology was created by D. L. Ashliman, a long retired professor from the University of Pittsburgh.

Folktales and myths can serve as springboards to remembering your own personal stories or to creating new fictional stories.

I followed the link from Ashliman’s site to Bartleby’s collection of Aesop’s Fables and created five prompts in a short time:

  • The moral of Aesop’s “The Man and the Serpent” (“Injuries may be forgiven, but not forgotten.” led me to write the prompt: Every scar has a story.  Tell the story of one of your scars.
  • The “Town Mouse and the Country Mouse” reminded me of the adage “The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence.” Describe a time in your experience when this was false.
  • After reading “The Fox and the Crow” with its moral “Do not trust flatterers,” people might ask themselves, am I more of a fox or a crow?
  • The moral of Aesop’s “The Lion and the Mouse” is “Little friends may prove great friends.”  When has a kind deed been repaid to you?
  • “The Sick Lion” leads me to wonder what the insults I have received say about the people who said them.

Be warned: Ashliman’s website is a bit of rabbit hole. Enjoy, but don’t get lost.

Journaling Idea #29: A Reader’s Journal

A photo I took of one of the books that I am currently reading.

When we read, we are not metaphorically vacuuming up the words from the page; rather, we are making sense of the symbols we encounter by relating them to previous material we have encountered. Reader-response theory leads us to consider that every reader, therefore, has a unique reading of a text based on their personal experiences.

Keeping a journal in relation to your reading, gives you the opportunity to enrich your reading experience.

Before Reading

Writing before reading brings to consciousness your previous knowledge and gives you the chance to record your predictions about what you are going to read . Readers make a surprising number of observations of a text before they read it that set them up to interpret it. We do judge a book by its cover. The packaging of a text (cover design, title, fonts, etc.) give us clues as to the text’s genre. Our expectations about what kind of text we are reading shape what we expect to find.

So, before you start reading, write down what you think the text will be be like:

  • Do you think the text is fiction or nonfiction?
  • Is it a narrative, an argument, or an explanation?
  • Why are you reading this text?
  • Who is the author and what do you know about them?
  • What kind of text is it?
  • How do you expect the structure of the text to go?
  • What have you read like this text before?
  • What topics and/or themes do you expect to encounter?

Writing before reading prepares you to read. Context and experience will teach you what and how much to write.

I’m excited to read Warren Berger’s The Book of Beautiful Questions. Having read read Berger’s article in Spirit magazine and his first book, A More Beautiful Question, I’m expecting Berger to inform me about the different types and functions of questions. I imagine he will be advocating for the importance of questioning in business, education, and everyday life. I’m hoping to gain more skills in the making and using of questions to share with my students.

David Stone’s prereading entry for Warren Berger’s The Book of Beautiful Questions

While Reading

Take time to pause to write periodically while reading. You can pause at divisions in the text, or when the impulse strikes you. The California Reading Association lists 26 things good readers do. Writing some of those things down can help a reader of any age to become more self-aware of the strategies they use and allow them to be more consciously reflective. I selected the following activities from the CRA list that I think would work well in a journal:

  • Summarize.
  • Make predictions.
  • Take account of what you already know.
  • List what is new to you.
  • Note what you want to learn.
  • Make comparisons.
  • Connect what you are reading to your life experience and/or to your vicarious experiences.
  • Paraphrase complex sentences to make them personally meaningful.
  • Question.
  • Make comments in response to what you have read.
  • Record whether your predictions were accurate.

In addition to the activities suggested by the CRA, I would add write out quotes that you might use later.

I like how Berger uses questions for the subtitles of his chapters and for the book’s subheadings. His introduction is subtitled “Why Question?” He notes how questioning is where inventive change begins (3), questioning can change our perceptions, expand our vision, make us aware and move us beyond our preconceived preferences, and open up creativity and our range of emotional response (4). Berger introduces how his book is divided into what he sees as the four major uses of questions: decision-making, creativity, connecting with others, and leadership. I found myself concerned in response to the “What can we learn from a four-year-old girl?” section that Berger might spend a lot of this new book restating information that I had read in his first book. Review is good, but I am looking to learn new things.

David Stone’s reading entry written in response to the Introduction of Warren Berger’s The Book of Beautiful Questions

After Reading

Behind every text is an author. Reading could be compared to listening. So when you are done reading a text, it is your turn as the reader to reflect and respond.

Here’s your opportunity to agree, to disagree, to provide further examples, make comparisons, note areas where you think more needs to be written or researched, comment on the quality of what you read or how it was written. You may want to engage your own creativity to a work of fiction and write an alternate ending or a sequel.

Your reader’s journal may be something you keep to yourself, or may be something you share with a family member, friend, book club, class, or colleague.

I enjoy reading my own reader’s journals from thirty years ago. I laugh at how much I have forgotten that I have read and find satisfaction in reconsidering my earlier responses.

If reading is not your thing, many of the same strategies could be used for a viewer’s journal as well.

Journaling Idea #28: Write about the News

Photo by Amy Wolf, the goat Thickle’s owner

When city newspapers cover an international or national story, they often publish a local news story next to it. The reporter looks for connections between what the wire services are reporting and their local community. In the same manner, a journaler can make use of the day’s news and look for a local connection.

Many people use the local news approach when they write posts for social media. A former student of mine made such a move for a post on Facebook:

Wolf’s words and photo were quite the hit. Nick Beres, a journalist for News Channel 5, reposted Wolf’s picture of Thickle looking at himself in the mirror and wrote his own clever commentary. Beres’ post received over a thousand comments and nearly four thousand shares.

I love the way Wolf wrote her post. Her pairing of the words “snomageddon” with “farmageddon” is clever. She starts with the larger event and moves to its impact on her life.

Responses to news in a journal can be as short as Wolf’s post or as long as the writer wishes. A journaler can choose to write in prose like Wolf or write in verse. I advocated for poets to write in response to the news in a column titled “Poetry Made Present,” published in The Press Enterprise on September 8, 2014.

Wolf could have easily adapted her response into the form of a septolet. The website Shadow Poetry defines a septolet as “a poem consisting of seven lines containing fourteen words with a break in between the two parts. Both parts deal with the same thought and create a picture.”

Here’s my septolet created from Wolf’s words:

Thickle and Friends


beat out

our goat shed’s warmth,

so farmaggedon


in our upstairs


Wolf’s post reminded me of the pet goats named Zebu and Daisy that I purchased for a 4-H project with a friend. Thinking of how Zebu even ate my homework, I replied to Wolf’s post that I hope she had removed the shower curtain and towels from her bathroom.

My humor soon faded, however, as I remembered Zebu and Daisy’s fate.

Blizzard of 2022

Facebook shows

Amy’s goats

in her bathroom.


froze in 

the barn 

in ‘83.

I hope you will give writing about the news a try for an occasional entry in your own eclectic journal or in a journal devoted to responses to the news.

Journaling Idea #26: Driving Tales and the Adventures of Learning Other Life Skills

My son recently got his driving permit. I bought him a mini composition book to record his adventures.

I picked out this green covered mini composition book for Aiden because green is his favorite color.

Aiden’s first entry

I’m excited that Aiden even chose write his entry in cursive.

I’m tempted to start my own companion mini journal to record my perceptions of this same experiences.

Mini journals work great for writers of few words or for short-term topics.

Journaling Idea #25: Get a Journal with Prompts

I received several journals for Christmas, and the sequel to Warren Berger’s A More Beautiful Question.
My son gave me Father’s Life: Dad, I Want to know Everything about You. This is a picture of its introduction.

Here’s my first entry written in response to a prompt that quickly stirred a memory for me.

If my messy cursive gives you trouble, here’s what I wrote in response to the prompt that said, “Describe the sight, feel, and smell of the first stuffed animal you remember having”:

I remember the night we arrived in Pennsylvania when I was four.  I had been born in Ohio, but we were moving to live upstairs in my grandparents house in Waverly, PA. I don’t remember whether I was carried upstairs or whether I stumbled up in a groggy state, but I do remember that I slept my first night on a daybed in the hall upstairs next to a stack of boxes.  Clutched close to me was my stuffed animal Tippy, a light brown puppy.  He had floppy ears and four legs that stuck out like he was sprawled.  He had a stubby tail.  I had named him after a real dog we had owned in Ohio that had run away.  Tippy, the stuffed animal, was actually silkier than I remember the real dog being.  I loved to pet and squeeze my stuffed Tippy.  I always took him to bed. I don’t remember how he smelled when I was little.  I can only imagine the dusty smell that he still has.  Yes, I still have Tippy.  I haven’t slept with him since grade school, but I keep him in my closet along with Ribby, my stuffed frog.  I’ll save the stories of Ribby for another page.

The journal my son gave me for Christmas is published by Chartwell Books. He gave a similar one to my wife and to his grandmother. The premise of this journal series is that you give the with its prompts to a loved one and when they are finished they return it to you to cherish.

You can find a wide variety of printed journals for purchase that have preprinted prompts at the top of each page. The one my son gave me, My Father’s Life, only has 204, with a slightly lower number of pages with prompts. It wouldn’t keep me busy for a whole year if I wrote in it every day, but it does provide some great questions to jumpstart my writing.

I’m looking forward to writing more entries in this journal and sharing them with my son.

I interviewed my mother after she retired and typed out the stories she told me. I cherish those stories.